Being A Recipients
Androcryos welcomes sperm donor referrals by doctors
to healthy patients between the ages of 21 and 35
If you are an individual or couple facing treatment or a stressful situation, and you wish to clarify possible risks to your fertility – it is important to raise the issue of sperm & egg preservation and fertility testing with your health care professional as a means of safeguarding your genetic future.
Risks To Fertility
Circumstances that negatively affect fertility include high-risk medical treatments, the continual absence of a partner due to career obligations, high-impact sports activities and careers that can either reduce fertility, or result in infertility or death. Men contemplating vasectomies may consider preserving sperm in the likely eventuality that the procedure is irreversible.
In all these situations, it is important to consider what the risks are, and to accommodate you and your partner’s hopes of one day having a child.
Fertility Specialist Services
Androcryos is a cryogenic depository specialising in the secure storage of human biological material associated with fertility treatment. We service medical fertility specialists, and facilitate scenarios where conventional conception is not an option. By offering a full-function sperm donor program alongside our andrology laboratory, Androcryos fortifies the medical fertility and infertility sector. Artificial insemination is performed upon request from medical practitioners.
At Androcryos we guarantee that all fertility treatment and storage processes are handled in a professional, ethical and discreet manner. We ensure to never forget that our scientific method and technologies are here to serve all the women and men who need help in realising and safeguarding their dream of fostering a family.
Procedures, Tests & Products
Androcryos does medical testing of human biological material relevant to fertility processes, and facilitates medical examinations of insemination recipients where necessary, as well as that of sperm donors.
- full sperm analysis (including and/or excluding Kremer Penetration and culture)
- post-vasectomy sperm count
- sperm culture
- sperm freeze (pre-vasectomy, pre-chemo, pre-radiation)
- testis biopsy freezing
- cryogenic storage of human sperm (short or long term)
- sperm wash for artificial insemination
- serum antibodies (Friberg) CMA3
- serum antibodies
- vaginal swab
- post coital index test
- hormonal profile (LH, FSH and 17B Estradiol, Prog, Prolactin)
- sperm wash for artificial insemination
- Artificial Insemination Husband Sperm (AIH)
- Artificial Insemination Donor Sperm (AID)
- cryogenic storage of human embryos (short or long term)
- donor sperm program
- HIV test
- paternity test
- chromosome studies
- donor sperm (import & export)
- Male Factor-pak specimen collection pouches
- insemination catheters
- embryo transfer catheters
- ICSI (Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection) needles
Health Of Sperm Donor Semen
Sperm donors are carefully screened and tested to ensure that genetically sound and healthy sperm samples are
collected for the purpose of artificial insemination procedures.
Physical Examination & Interview
Every donor undergoes a physical examination and interview by a medical doctor. Donors are questioned on their family’s history in terms of diseases and genetic disorders, and a chromosomal study screens for known inheritable diseases and conditions.
Sperm donor blood is tested for anti-bodies against HIV-I and II as well as hepatitis B surface antigen (HBs AG), hepatitis C (HCV-Ab). A full blood count is done, and is screened for liver enzymes, glucose, cholesterol, triglyceride, urea, electrolytes, T-pallidum, and gonorrhoea. Repeat tests for sexually transmissible diseases such as HIV-I & II and hepatitis B & C, are done at regular intervals over the duration of the sperm donation program. This is to ensure that the donor sperm is, and remains, clear of risk diseases.
Six Month Cryogenic Storage
American protocol guidelines ensure that stored semen cannot be released for use in insemination procedures until the sperm donor is cleared of HIV and hepatitis infections for a minimum duration of six months.
The HIV virus causes AIDS – a very serious infectious disease that destroys the body’s defences against all other infections, as well as a range of malignant tumours. The HIV virus can be transmitted through semen, which means that all possible precautions must be taken to ensure that sperm donors and their semen are clear of the virus.
Despite all these precautions and tests, there will always remain an element of risk that an infectious or hereditary disease is transmitted through artificial insemination.
Sample ejaculates from approved donors are analysed before each insemination procedure, and have to meet a minimum first grade quality standard of > 20 x 10 motile cells per ml, with moderate to excellent linear movement (2+/3). 0 represents no motility, 1+ indicates circular, steady movement.
Sperm Donor Attributes
Import & Export
Alongside their blood type and the results of the various screens, tests, and interviews conducted to determine their suitability as sperm donors – a donor’s physical attributes and peculiarities of appearance are documented, as well as any children they may have already fathered.
In instances where there is a second parent, that parent’s features and attributes are matched as closely as possible to those of the sperm donor in an attempt to bring about a genetic resemblance between the child and its parents.
Notes are also made on the sperm donor’s education, occupation, and hobbies to determine their mental and social propensities.
Sperm donors are fully informed on their legal status, and sign affidavits and release forms renouncing all paternal rights and responsibilities. Besides renouncing their parental rights and responsibilities, non-anonymous sperm donors openly reveal their identity, setting up the possibility of contact between the donor, recipient, and subsequent offspring.
Medical practitioners dealing with patients who face circumstances, activities, or treatments that may limit or risk their ability to have children – will offer advice on fertility options such as sperm preservation and artificial insemination.
Androcryos welcomes sperm donor referrals by doctors to healthy patients between the ages of 21 and 35. Please visit the Androcryos Sperm Donor Program for more information.
Staff & Consultants
Dr Ntlotleng Mabena MBcHB (UP), Dip HIV Man (SA College), DTM (UP),MPH(UP)
Senior Medical Technologist & CEO
(right click & ‘save link as’)
For women wishing to undergo artificial insemination procedures using sperm donor semen.
For couples wishing to undergo artificial insemination procedures using sperm donor semen.
To be completed by the individual performing the inseminations – a record of the receiving couple and all the artificial insemination procedures.
Androcryos keeps an donor data list of basic physical attributes and interests for download.
A download calender showing which days certain procedures should take place during artificial insemination procedures.
To be filled in by the individual performing the artificial insemination procedure. A request for donor semen, and a record and notification of subsequent successful pregnancies and live birth outcomes.
Once a pregnancy through sperm donation successfully comes to full term and a live birth, the relevant sperm bank needs to be notified.
For the authorisation of destruction of human biological material by its owner.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
How long do procedures take? All fertility procedures take approximately 15 minutes, all laboratory processes require about 1 hour.
How long do I have to wait for results? Sperm analysis excluding test for sperm antibodies 2 days, including test for sperm antibodies 8-10 days, paternity test 14-21 days.
How are referring doctors notified of the results? Mail, fax.
Do sperm donors get paid? In line with legislation, each donor is reimbursed a varying nominal amount to cover their travelling and out-of-pocket expenses. We are on the Gautrain bus route [link].
Do you freeze embryos? No, embryos are frozen at fertility clinics, and sent to us for storage and safe keeping. We can refer you to a suitable in-vitro fertilisation clinic to arrange for the freezing process.
Do you deal with egg donors? No, potential egg donors are advised to contact their local fertility clinic.
Can you assist in finding surrogate mothers? We provide information and links to resources that accommodate this process, but we do not engage with surrogacy ourselves.
What is the law regarding fertilization of same sex couples? They are within their constitutional right to have children (Sec 23/26 of the Constitution of South Africa).
Can donor children run the risk of unknowingly dating a biological sibling? Yes, it is referred to as consanguinity, there is always a risk. If you are unsure, a DNA test will confirm whether biological / genetic relations exist. If related, couples run the risk of increased birth defects in their offspring.