home > frequently asked questions


What do you do, and which services do you offer?

We collect, freeze and store sperm for preservation and fertility treatments. As a full-function andrology laboratory, we perform a wide range of sperm, blood, and chromosomal tests and screens. We also perform artificial insemination procedures, and import & export donor sperm and fertility treatment products. Please visit our information and practitioners pages for more in-depth detail.

What are the costs involved?

Costs vary dependent on the treatment or tests required, please visit our information page for the correct contact details.

Do I have to make an appointment?

No appointments are necessary for:
. Weekdays 07h00 to 10h00 for spermiograms.
. Weekdays 07h00 to 13h00 for all other procedures.
to book a session on:
. Weekends & public holidays 08h00 to 10h00

How long do procedures take?

All fertility procedures take approximately 15 minutes, all laboratory processes require about 1 hour.

What is the best way to contact you?

is the best way to communicate with us. If you don't get a response as expected, please follow up on our landline or cell phone numbers. Details are available on our information page. You can also have items delivered to us via postal or courier services. If you plan on visiting our premises, we are on the Gautrain Parktown bus route, please visit our map page for detailed directions.

Where are your offices situated?

9 St Davids Park, St Davids Place, PARKTOWN, Johannesburg, South Africa. We are on the Gautrain Parktown bus route, please visit our map page for more information.

How can I keep track of you?

Our website, www.androcryos.co.za, is the best place to find general information on what we do. For regular event-based and info updates, please 'like' us on facebook, or follow us on Twitter.

Can I bring my partner?

Undergoing any kind of fertility treatment or process is an intimate and often stressful experience. We encourage individuals to bring their partners along for moral support and engagement in the whole experience.

How long do I have to wait for results?

. Within the hour: HIV & pregnancy tests.
. 2 days: sperm analysis, excluding antibodies test.
. 8-10 days: sperm analysis, including antibodies test.
. 21 days: paternity test.

Do you offer fertility treatments and egg donor services?

Besides performing basic artificial insemination procedures in our consultation rooms, patients generally are referred to us by fertility specialists and medical practitioners. If you are facing infertility issues, you need to approach your local fertility specialist services. Please visit our Fertility Clinics & Services page for more information.

How is my referring doctor notified of the results?

Referring doctors receive faxes of reports, and a hard copy is sent via the postal system. Reports are also sent via e-mail on request. Results are made available to referring doctors only, who in turn interpret the reports for their patients. Doctors are better equipped and more sensitive to the specific circumstance of each patient. Result turnarounds are usually 24 hours, but can take as long as 10 days depending on which blood and culture results are received.

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What causes infertility?

There are a wide variety of causes for infertility in men and women. It is best to discuss your particular situation with your urologist or gynaecologist.

What are the different options to consider when treating infertility?

Fertility options include adoption, surrogacy, artificial insemination (AI), in-vitro, in-vitro fertilisation (IVF), gamete intra-fallopian transfer (GIFT), intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), zygote intra-fallopian transfer (ZIFT).

Treatments come at different pricing and success rates. Please discuss the options open to you with social workers, doctors and others who have already gone through the experience. Deciding to have a child is an important life event – it is vital that you are well informed before embarking on your chosen route. Your journey on the road to having your own family should be interesting, exciting, and above all else, successful. Please visit our Fertility Clinics & Services page to locate suitable resources.

Can infertility be genetic?

In some cases infertility challenges are passed down genetically from parent to child. These genetic predispositions may affect the delivery of hormones, as well as the reproductive organs in both men and women. Other genetically transferred disorders include structural chromosomal abnormalities or the incorrect number of chromosomes in sperm and ova, polycystic kidney disease in men where cysts may develop in the reproductive tract, and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in women, where cysts grow on the ovaries. Please consult a medical professional if you suspect this may be the case.

What is the most common cause of male sterility?

Physical injury and childhood diseases such as mumps and fever can result in male sterility. Be sure to consult with a fertility specialist or medical practitioner if you have concerns. Visit our Fertility Clinics & Services page to locate suitable specialist.

What is the most common cause of female infertility?

Some of the common causes are endometriosis, hormone imbalance and blocked fallopian tubes, amongst many more. If you suspect that you have a problem, it is important to consult with your doctor to identify the nature of it, and seek appropriate treatment.

How do recreational drugs and alcohol affect infertility?

Drugs and alcohol are Gerald toxic to biological systems. The use, or excess use, of any substance that results in an altered state of mind will have a negative impact on other parts of the body, including those involved in fertility. Drugs and alcohol are known to reduce sexual performance, sperm count, fertility, and in many cases cause abnormalities and withdrawal symptoms in new born children.

The University of Wits and the National Health Laboratory Services have been conducting research into the effect of alcohol on sperm. for more information.

Are there any natural remedies to help improve fertility?

When it comes to tackling issues of infertility, all and every kind of help can do no harm unless it involves invasive action and dubious potions. Natural remedies and alternative therapies are available from reputable fertility specialists and professionals. Be sure to obtain advise from a well-known and respected fertility expert, and pay attention to any misgivings you may encounter.

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What do you look for when deciding to recruit a sperm donor?

You need to be between the age of 18 and 30, and in relative good health. Your sperm count needs to be normal, which the tests will screen for if you don't know. Androcryos will also look at your family history in terms of hereditary diseases and normal physique.

Why should I consider becoming a sperm donor?

Many couples struggle to fall pregnant for a varying number of reasons. Sometimes as a result of illness, accident, or infertility. Sometimes women struggle to find a suitable mate, and will look to artificial insemination as a way of having children, equally gay couples who wish to have their own children. By donating your sperm, you are providing all these people with the opportunity to fulfil their dream of having a family of their own.

How do I become a sperm donor?

When donating sperm, you will be taken through a series of tests and questions to ascertain your family's genetic background, as well as your general health and lifestyle. This will be done at no cost to you. Once these tests are completed, Androcryos will decide whether or not you are a suitable sperm donor candidate, and if accepted, they will recruit you to come in and donate sperm every odd week or so over a period of one year. If you are interested, please go to our Androcryos Sperm Donor Program, and fill in the Sperm Donor Questionnaire.

How much do sperm donors get paid?

In line with legislation, each donor is reimbursed a varying nominal amount to cover their travel and out-of-pocket expenses.

How many times do I donate sperm?

Up to thirty times, with one week intervals. Donations do not have to occur consecutively, allowing time for holidays, exams, and work deadlines. It is preferable that sperm donors abstain from sex or ejaculation for at least three days prior to each donation to ensure good sperm count.

Can I remain anonymous as a sperm donor?

Anonymous sperm donor information is treated as private and confidential. Donor's do have to identify themselves in order to donate. Apart from physical descriptions as outlined in the Donor Data List, recipients and donor children do not have access to an anonymous donor's private information. If you choose to become a non-anonymous sperm donor, recipients and their offspring will be able to know who you are, and seek contact if all parties consent. Some sperm donors do opt to become non-anonymous, please discuss this option with us if you are interested – contact

Article: Anonymous Sperm Donation

Will I have parental rights or obligations as a sperm donor?

No, sperm donors renounce their parental rights and obligations during the donation process by signing a letter of permission that allows Androcryos to use the sperm for artificial insemination purposes. Recipients choose which donor sperm they wish to use via the Donor Data List.

Which tests & screens do you conduct in order to establish the viability of a sperm donor candidate?

Androcryos will screen your blood for diseases and genetic conditions, and you will be asked to visit their medical doctor for a general check up. They will conduct a full semen and chromosomal analysis, and ask questions about your family history in terms of genetic disorders and health issues. Some of the tests required involve screening for HIV I and II, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBs Ag), hepatitis C (HCV-Ab), liver enzymes, glucose, cholesterol, triglyceride, urea, electrolytes, T. pallidum (syphilis), and gonorrhoea. The results of the mandatory HIV tests will be given to you only.

Providing sperm samples

Do I have to produce the specimen at your premises?

Preferably yes, if you want to do it off-site, it is important to note that we require the specimen within an hour from the time that it was produced.

How do you collect sperm?

You are expected to provide a sperm specimen through ejaculation using any of the following means: masturbation; a specimen collection pouch (special condom) used during intercourse; or through electro-stimulation (speak to your Urologist). The ejaculate is collected, screened, and prepared for cryogenic storage.

sperm preservation

Why would I want to preserve sperm?

Men and couples face a wide range of reasons why the natural route for conceiving a child is problematic. In these cases, and for the sake of posterity, many men will have their sperm cryogenically frozen and preserved.

I have been diagnosed with cancer, can I still have children?

Sperm should be put up for storage at a cryobank prior to receiving chemo treatment. Chemotherapy negatively impacts sperm viability.

I have already received chemotherapy, can I still store sperm in the bank?

A sperm analysis will have to be done to determine the impact of chemo treatments, and decide whether or not it is still a viable option.

What is a normal sperm count?

20 - 150 million sperm per millilitre.

I am going for a vasectomy, should I put sperm in the bank?

Yes, you can store it successfully for more than twenty years. Personal circumstances change all the time, and you may find yourself wanting to father more children.

What is a vasectomy?

A vasectomy is a fairly permanent surgical procedure that cuts and ties off the testicular tubes that carry sperm from the testes into the penis during ejaculation. The procedure is performed by medical professionals, and is quick and fairly painless - causing minimal discomfort. In some cases the procedure is reversible, but there are no guarantees. Doctors will advise their patients on the permanent sterilisation effect of the procedure, and recommend they set aside sperm for cryogenic preservation at a sperm bank in case they decide to have children in the future.

For how long can sperm be frozen?

In excess of 20 years, depending on the storage techniques used.

On what basis are biological specimens destroyed?

Biological specimens are the property of the donor, and whomever it's been left to in their last will & testament. It therefore requires a written request by the legal owner in order to have a specimen destroyed.

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Do you provide donor sperm?

We are a sperm bank, and a central part of our practice is acquiring donated sperm and cryogenically freezing it for use in artificial insemination procedures. Refer to our Donor Data List document to view our list of sperm donors. We also import and export donor sperm.

Can single woman request donor insemination?

Nothing prohibits us from assisting any woman who approaches us for artificial insemination – regardless of her marital or relationship status.

Can you import donor sperm for me?

Yes, we can arrange to import sperm on your behalf. Please contact us to discuss your requirements and options.

I want to be the only recipient of a specific donor, can this be arranged?

Androcryos does accommodate instances where one individual would like to claim all the sperm of a chosen donor. Be sure to raise the issue with us, and we will inform you of the correct procedure.

Can I do the insemination at home?

Yes, but it is not advisable, as it does require some technical expertise. But if you insist, we import insemination catheters for artificial insemination procedures – and through guidance and instruction – provide you with the correct equipment to perform artificial insemination procedures in the privacy of your own home.

Can you provide the equipment required to perform the insemination at home?

At Androcryos we import equipment used in artificial insemination procedures. Please contact us to find out which products we have available, and to receive instructions on how to use them correctly.

How is insemination done?

Transferring the sperm into the uterus using an intra-uterine (insemination) catheter.

What is an insemination catheter?

A plastic tube used to artificially introduce donor sperm into the uterus, hopefully resulting in a successful insemination and subsequent pregnancy.

My partner has passed away after having sperm preserved at your facility. Can I use the sperm if I want to have another child by him?

It is against the law to provide sperm of a deceased partner, unless he has left it to you in his last will and testament.

What is artificial insemination (AI)?

A sperm specimen is artificially administered to the uterus to maximise the success rate of fertilisation. An intra-uterine insemination catheter is used to transfer the sperm into the uterus, hopefully resulting in successful insemination, and subsequent pregnancy.

What does in-vitro mean?

A procedure involving the removal of an egg from the female, and fertilising it with the introduction of a sperm sample outside the body in a test tube.

What is in-vitro fertilisation (IVF)?

A harvested egg is fertilised with a sperm sample under a microscope. If the incubation is successful, the fertilised egg is returned to the uterus.

What is gamete intra-fallopian transfer (GIFT)?

A mixture of sperm and egg is transferred into the fallopian tube.

What is intra-cytoplastic sperm injection (ICSI)?

A single sperm is introduced into a single egg cell through micro-injection to achieve fertilization.

What is zygote intra-fallopian transfer (ZIFT)?

A fertilized egg is transferred into the fallopian tube.

What are the success rates?

Success rates vary according to the method used and the nature of the infertility problems. It is not an easy road to take and many couples have to deal with disappointment before they achieve a positive result.

What guarantees are there?

Artificial insemination is not for the light-hearted. Many individuals and couples experience disappointment before any kind of success is achieved. Androcryos, nor the fertility specialists, can offer any guarantees as to the outcome and results of each insemination procedure.

How many children are allowed to share the same anonymous sperm donor?

Currently one anonymous sperm donor is allowed to result in five successful pregnancies and subsequent live births within one country. This legislation is being re-visited, and will probably increase to ten. On a global scale, this number increases to two hundred. This reduces the risk of consanguinity – where two individuals with a common genetic heritage give birth to their own child, increasing the risk of genetic defects.

What are the possibilities of having multiple births?

If stimulated with super ovulation tablets or injections, there's an 80% chance for a single child, a 14% chance for twins, and a 6% chance for triplets or more.

Do you freeze embryo’s?

Frozen embryos are sent to us for storage and safe keeping. Fertility clinics specialise in cryogenically freezing embryos. Androcryos can refer you to a suitable in-vitro fertilisation clinic to arrange for the freezing process.

Do you deal with egg donors?

If you wish to become an egg donor, you are advised to contact your local fertility clinic, or any of the egg donor services listed on our Fertility Clinics & Services page. Androcryos only deals with sperm donors.

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What is the law regarding fertilisation of same sex couples?

Androcryos does not get involved with decisions around family unit structures, or choices regarding issues of parenting. LGBTQI couples are within their constitutional right to have children (Sec 23/26 of the Constitution of South Africa), and therefore have the same fertility rights as everyone else.

Can same sex couples request donor sperm?

Same sex couples are protected under the South African constitution, and therefore share the same rights as all other couples. So, yes, just like any other couple – same sex couples are eligible to receive donor sperm.

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abouT surrogacy

What is a surrogate mother?

A woman who carries an embryo full term on behalf of another couple. Once the baby is born, this surrogate mother gives up her parental rights, allowing the couple to raise the child as their own.

Can you assist in finding surrogate mothers?

We provide information and links to resources that accommodate this process, but we do not engage with the surrogacy process ourselves.

Can LGBTQI people become parents via surrogate mothers?

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, transexual, queer and intersexed individuals and couples can seek out surrogacy as an option to having children. It is recommended that they approach sympathetic individuals within their communities for surrogacy arrangements.

Can single men have children via surrogate mothers?

Men who choose to be single parents can have their own children via a surrogate mother.

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donor children

Can I trace a donor?

No, anonymous donors are granted full anonymity. Only non-anonymous donors volunteer to let themselves be known to their recipients and subsequent offspring.

I was conceived from donor sperm and would like to trace my biological father, is this possible?

We do from time to time receive such requests. Where it is from the recipient we will make a note in the donor file, where it is from the donor side we make a note in the recipient file. Once we have requests from both sides we will attempt to contact both and confirm whether or not both parties are still interested in meeting each other. Only if both parties at this point are still interested, will we make contact details of the parties available.

Can donor children run the risk of unknowingly dating a biological sibling?

Yes, it is referred to as consanguinity, there is always a risk. If you are unsure, a DNA test will clarify if two individuals are biologically related or not. If related, couples run the risk of increased birth defects in their offspring.

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Please visit our Androcryos Sperm Donor Program if you are interested in becoming a sperm donor.


(right click & 'save link as')


Download our donor data list if you are interested in artificial insemination procedures involving an anonymous or non-anonymous sperm donor.

Anonymous sperm donation in South Africa

Find out more about your legal status as a sperm donor in South Africa.

Fertility Clinics & Egg Donor Services in South Africa

A comprehensive list of clinics in South Africa for insemination procedures and fertility treatments. This list includes egg donor services.